In TCM, the main form of massage is Tui Na, which translates into push - grasp. This form of massage has been used in China for over 2,000 years, and is believed to have originated in the central region of China. Some of the earliest references to massage have been found on bones and tortoise shells from the Shang dynasty, which were inscribed with descriptions of treatments for illnesses.
Tui Na uses several different techniques that vary from one finger meditations on specific acu-points, arm rolling and hand kneading, tapping and knocking, pressing, grasping and pinching, to rubbing, stretching, and pulling. Keep in mind that these are just some of the techniques that can be used to treat patients. The theory behind these techniques involves moving and unblocking the qi in the meridians of the body, moving and invigorating blood that has become stagnant or clotted, and stimulating the internal organs.
There are several illnesses and pains that can be effectively treated with Tui Na, some of these clinical applications are as follows: alleviate pain, improve joint mobility, nourishing the yin and yang of different internal organs, improving circulation, dispelling pathogens, and regulating digestion.